Cascading Style Sheets and Email Display

Designing the HTML version of your email message can be difficult since there are so many different email client and operating system combinations out there – and they have their own way of rendering HTML. And there really is no way to be positively sure which client your readers will be using to view your messages.

If your reader has a Hotmail address, it’s generally safe to assume that he will be reading your message through the Hotmail web client. But what about your readers with private email addresses? Will they be using Microsoft Outlook? Will it be Outlook 2000, Outlook 2003 or Outlook 2007? Or maybe he’s using Lotus Notes? What if he had his TLD email forwarded to a Yahoo account? And is he using a Mac or a PC?

Since you don’t really know the answers to any of these questions, when designing your email campaigns it’s important that you always design for the most accessibility.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) offers the ability to make your email messages extremely graphic and enticing. Unfortunately, there is still limited support of r CSS with many email clients and across various platforms. One of the biggest CSS-offenders is Outlook 2007; and since studies show that up to 75% of email readers use Outlook, you just can’t ignore its rendering flaws.

Unfortunately, Outlook 2007 has no support for floating elements, which is widely used in CSS for positioning objects. So it’s based to use a table-based layout when designing your email campaigns. Think web design circa the year 2000. If you’re a new designer and have never dealt with tables before, you can get tons of how-to information from the W3C.

While Outlook 2007 does support the property, I don’t recommend that you use it to attach your style sheet. At least 50% of your readers will have their images turned off, which means any linked elements will not be linked – and this includes your external style sheet. Besides, Gmail, Live Mail and Hotmail don’t support linked elements, so it’s a good idea not to use them anyway. Instead, define all of your styles within your message and never rely on an external style sheet for your email messages.

Where, within the message, you should define your styles is another story altogether. Live Mail looks for the style sheet with the , Hotmail looks for the style sheet right below the tag. Outlook 2003, Outlook 2007, AOL, Yahoo, Entourage and Thunderbird will accept either placement, but Gmail doesn’t accept any of them.

The best option is to use in-line style tags. In-line style simply means that the style for each element must be defined individually. Instead of defining your style sheet within your head like this:

<link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css" href="http://www.mysite.com/style.css">

or even something like this:

<br /> <style type="text/css" media="screen"> <p><!--</p> <p>p {"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />georgia, serif; font-size:</p> <p>x-small;}</p> <p>hr {color: #ff9900; height: 1px }</p> <p>a:hover {color: #ff0000; text-decoration: none}</p> <p>--></p> </style> <p>

you would define each element individually, like this:

<p x-small color:> <p>This is your paragraph text.</p> <p>

When you’re defining those elements, keep in mind that not all CSS properties are supported across the board on all email clients. If you want to present a consistent message to all of your readers no matter how they are reading your mail, limit yourself to these CSS properties:

. background-color

. border

. color

. font-size

. font-style

. font-variant

. font-weight

. letter-spacing

. line-height

. padding

. table-layout

. text-align

. text-decoration

. text-indent

. text-transform

Those properties are supported on both Macs and PCs in:

. AOL

. Entourage

. Gmail

. Live Mail

. Outlook 2003

. Outlook 2007

. Thunderbird

. Yahoo

Properties to avoid include:

. background-image

. background-position

. background-repeat

. border-collapse

. border-spacing

. bottom

. caption-side

. clear

. clip

. cursor

. direction

. display

. empty-cells

. float

. font-family

. height

. left

. list-style-image

. list-style-position

. list-style-type

. margin

. opacity

. overflow

. position

. right

. top

. vertical-align

. visibility

. white-space

. width

. word-spacing

. z-index

And now for even more bad news: Lotus Notes and Eudora have terrible CSS support and even many of the widely-accepted CSS properties may not render properly. And since more and more readers are now accessing email on PDAs and other handheld devices, you can never be 100% certain how or where your message will be read. So I suggest you always use Multipart-Mime messaging, and always include a link to your text version within the html version of your message.

*** Want to keep these tips handy?

How to Get the Land Cleared

Land clearing is an essential process in both commercial and residential property development.

Frequently, homes have backyards or surrounding areas which are unoccupied and covered with large trees,shrubs and undergrowth. Here, land clearing can be useful as the process eliminates the trees, bushes, shrubs, undergrowth and stumps to make the piece of land suitable for gardening or construction.

For commercial purposes, land is cleared for the construction of buildings, parking lots, shopping malls and restaurants. Commercial clearing is a big part of our business and we have been contacted by various firms in the Tennessee region for the service.

Land clearing is a job best left to professionals. It can be difficult as most homeowners will not have the proper equipment. So, however big or small the job is, a homeowner should consider contracting the job to excavation professionals to clear the land.

If you are a homeowner and want to clear land by yourself, it will require a professional chain saw, for which you may need training to operate safely. Bear in mind, there are many deaths each year from trees which when cutting, can snap back and fall onto the person trying to cut the tree.If you hire a professional contractor, such as Earth Solutions, that hazard is eliminated as well as the task of hauling the debris or risks of burning it. You just have to direct us to the land and we will do everything.

Things to know about land clearing

Once you have decided to clear the land, you should always check with your local government if there are any permits required. They may also have some regulations which will guide you on debris disposal.

It is possible that the timber on your land may be useful for commercial purposes and if there is enough, you may be able to have it logged. If that is the case, before clearing your land, you should consider getting estimates for logging the timber. One word of caution however, generally a logging company will leave a mess behind so if you are able to have the trees logged just be sure you have an agreement on how the logging company will leave the land once finished.

What to expect from us?

Only the best! All you have to do is show us the area you would like cleared and any special instructions you have and we will take care of the rest. With our heavy-weight equipment, the job will be done in no time, leaving you with a pristine piece of land for construction, landscaping or gardening. We will also dispose of any resulting debris with our trucking and hauling service.

A Quick History of Wine Making

Wine has not always been the amazing product that it currently is. It has gone through several changes over the years. This is due to all of the different cultures that have adopted, loved and improved it over the millennia.

Wine making historians believe wine making to date back to around 4000 BC. It originated in the cradle of civilization, also known as the fertile crescent. This is now modern-day Iraq. The two rivers of the Tigris and Euphrates helped to create a growing condition where wine was first discovered and crafted.

From the middle east, wine then was adopted by Egyptian people who improved it by creating new systems of irrigation and fertilization that improved crop yield and quantity. The ancient Egyptians also created hybrid grapes that were better suited for the conditions of Egypt’s arid landscape. The Egyptian people used wine in their ceremonies and it was drank mostly by the upper class while lower class people preferred beer instead.

The wine making process also traveled north to the Greek and Roman cultures who not only embraced it but named one of their gods after this treasured drink. The Romans named their god of win Bacchus. They would also spread the knowledge of winemaking throughout the rest of Europe as they conquered it.

Once the Romans headed into what is now present-day Britain, it was picked up be the Gaels who improved on it by ageing their wines in wooden barrels to add a distinct flavor to it.

The Romans also spread their wonderful technology to the Spanish people who in turn carried the wine making knowledge to central and South America Where they would plant vineyards and grow and produce their own wine products.

Wine would also travel into ancient China shortly after the Han Dynasty around 200 BC. Wine grapes were imported into and cultivated there ever since. Because of the commonality of rice in that country, rice wine is still the preferred drink of choice.

During the middle ages, wine making history shows that improvements were made to wine by members of the catholic church. These improvements included records about their wine production and guides about how to make it and improve upon their already wonderful drink. It was the order of Benedictine monks that would be France and Germany’s largest producers of wine. During this period, wine was also discovered to have curative properties against snake bites.

It was during the middle ages that the French also made improvement to wine making.

The English and French pilgrims brought this product with them into the new world. The new world being North America where it flourished and has become the refined version that it is today.

Wine making has improved greatly over the past century because of improvements in sanitation. This has helped to keep the wine for longer periods of time and ensures that almost every batch will turn out the way it is supposed to and not turn into vinegar due to bacterial contamination.

Wine and the wine making process has had a history that has lasted nearly eight thousand years. During its lifetime it has been vastly improved, honored and even worshiped. There is no way of knowing what the future of wine entails, but what ever that might be, this drink is here to stay.

Language Issues – E-Commerce Website Solutions

It is suggested that the only way to do business successfully in other cultures is to adapt to those cultures. The phrase “think globally and act locally” is perfectly describes this approach. The main step that an online business usually takes to reach their potential customers in other countries is to provide local language versions of their Web site. This means you will need to translate e-commerce Web site into another regional dialect or language. According to a research, customers are far more likely to purchase products and services from the websites in their own languages. Only about 400 million of the world’s 6 billion people learned English as their native language.

Researchers also analyses that only fifty percent of the content available on the Internet is in English and more than half of current Internet users do not read English. International Data Corporation predicts that by 2010, more than 80 percent of Internet users will be outside the United States, and 65 percent of electronic commerce transactions will involve at least one party located outside the United States.

Even many languages require separate dialects and multiple translations. For instance, Spanish languages spoken in Mexico, Spain and Latin America have different dialects. So, it is important to check and translates the differences between the spellings and word meanings. Usually, many companies translate their website pages. When the web company grows larger, they become more selective in their translation efforts. Some e-commerce websites have thousands of webpages with much targeted content; the web businesses operating those sites can discover the cost of translating all pages to be expensive.

The decision whether to translate a specific webpage should be made by the corporate department responsible for each page’s content. Remember, that the home page of an e-commerce website should have versions in all supported dialects and languages. E-commerce website pages designed for product information, marketing and brand establishment should be given high priority of translation.

Different approaches can be appropriate for translating the different types of text that appear on an electronic commerce site. For key advertising messages, the touch of a human translator can be crucial to capture subtle meanings. For more routine transaction-processing tasks, automated software translation may be a satisfactory alternative. Many of the companies in this field are working to improve software and databases of previously translated material that can help human translators work more accurately and efficiently. The translation services and software manufacturers that work with electronic commerce sites do not generally use the term “translation” to describe what they do.